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Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt (16 August 1832 – 31 August 1920) was a German physician, physiologist, philosopher, and professor, known today as one of the founding figures of modern psychology. Wundt, who noted psychology as a science apart from biology and philosophy, was the first person to ever call himself a psychologist. He is widely regarded as the "father of experimental psychology". In 1879, Wundt founded the first formal laboratory for psychological research at the University of Leipzig. This marked psychology as an independent field of study. A Review of General Psychology survey, published in 2002, ranked Wundt as the 93rd most cited psychologist of the 20th century, tied with Edwin Boring, John Dewey, and Amos Tversky.

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  • Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt
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  • Wilhelm Max Wundt (Mannheim, 16 augustus 1832 - Großbothen, 31 augustus 1920) was een Duits filosoof, fysioloog, psycholoog en psychiater. Wilhelm Wundt wordt samen met Gustav Theodor Fechner beschouwd als de grondleggers van de experimentele psychologie.
  • Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt (ur. 16 sierpnia 1832 w Neckarau, zm. 31 sierpnia 1920 w Großbothen) – niemiecki psycholog i filozof, uważany za twórcę psychologii eksperymentalnej.
  • 威廉·冯特(Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt,1832年8月16日-1920年8月31日)是德国著名心理学家、生理學家兼哲學家,心理学发展史上的开创性人物。他被普遍公认为是实验心理学和认知心理学的创建人,构造主义的奠基人。还有少数人认为,他也创立了社会心理学,因为他在晚年已经不满足于仅仅研究最基本的直接体验,而是致力于用民族心理学的方法研究高级心理现象,这对社会心理学的产生与发展有重要的影响。 威廉·冯特认为,心理学可以通过实验的方法进行研究,并将内省实验法引入了心理学研究,并据此提出了情感三维说。冯特内省实验法是哲学内省法和赫尔曼·冯·亥姆霍兹实验室仪器的结合。他请对方向内反省自己,然后描写他们自己对自己的心理工作方法的看法。他创造了特殊的方法来训练对方,让他们更仔细和完善地来看待自己,但不过分地解释自己的心理。这个工作方式与当时的心理学非常不同。当时的心理学更多的是哲学的一个分枝。 威廉·冯特认为,心理与生理是互相关连的。他的认识论结合了斯宾诺莎、莱布尼茨、康德和黑格尔的哲學理论。
  • Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt (16 August 1832 – 31 August 1920) was a German physician, physiologist, philosopher, and professor, known today as one of the founding figures of modern psychology. Wundt, who noted psychology as a science apart from biology and philosophy, was the first person to ever call himself a psychologist. He is widely regarded as the "father of experimental psychology". In 1879, Wundt founded the first formal laboratory for psychological research at the University of Leipzig. This marked psychology as an independent field of study. A Review of General Psychology survey, published in 2002, ranked Wundt as the 93rd most cited psychologist of the 20th century, tied with Edwin Boring, John Dewey, and Amos Tversky. By creating this laboratory he was able to explore the nature of religious beliefs,identify mental disorders and abnormal behavior, and find damaged parts of the brain. In doing so, he was able to establish psychology as a separate science from other topics. He also formed the first academic journal for psychological research, Philosophische Studien, in the year 1881. Wundt concentrated on three areas of mental functioning; thoughts, perception and feelings. These are the basic areas studied today in cognitive psychology. This means that the study of perceptual processes can be traced back to Wundt. Wundt’s work stimulated interest in cognitive psychology.
  • ヴィルヘルム・マクシミリアン・ヴント(Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt、1832年8月16日 - 1920年8月31日)は、ドイツの生理学者、哲学者、心理学者。 実験心理学の父と称される。哲学者のマックス・ヴント(ドイツ語)は息子である。
  • È divenuto per la storia della psicologia "il padre fondatore" della disciplina (Blumenthal, 1879), grazie al suo contributo teorico e sperimentale.
  • ويليام فونت (بالألمانية: Wilhelm Wundt) عالم نفس ألماني هو مؤسس علم النفس التجريبي ( 16 أغسطس 1832 - 31 أغسطس 1920).
  • Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt (* 16. August 1832 in Neckarau; † 31. August 1920 in Großbothen) war ein deutscher Physiologe, Psychologe und Philosoph. Er gründete 1879 das erste Institut für experimentelle Psychologie an der Universität Leipzig mit einem systematischen Forschungsprogramm. Wundt gilt als Begründer der Psychologie als eigenständiger Wissenschaft und als Mitbegründer der Völkerpsychologie (Kulturpsychologie). Wundt arbeitete in seinem Forschungsprogramm eine umfassende Wissenschaftskonzeption der Psychologie aus, die sich von der Psychophysik der Sinnesempfindungen, Aufmerksamkeit und Bewusstsein, Psychophysiologie der Emotionen, und einer umfangreichen Neuropsychologie bis zur Sprachpsychologie, Religionspsychologie und anderen Themen der Kulturpsychologie (Völkerpsychologie) erstreckte. Seine empirische Psychologie und Methodenlehre sind eng verknüpft mit seiner Erkenntnistheorie und Wissenschaftstheorie der Psychologie. Mit seiner später ausgearbeiteten Ethik und seinem metaphysischen Voluntarismus entstand ein einheitlich konzipiertes System.
  • Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt, né le 16 août 1832 à Neckarau (aujourd'hui quartier de la ville de Mannheim) et mort le 31 août 1920 à Grossbothen (près de Leipzig), physiologiste de formation, est un psychologue et philosophe allemand. Il est le fondateur, en 1879 du premier laboratoire de psychologie expérimentale, à Leipzig où viendront se former de nombreux étudiants européens et nord-américains aux méthodes de la psychologie expérimentale. Il a effectué des travaux sur la perception. Il s'intéressa aussi à la mesure de la complexité des processus psychologiques par la méthode « des temps de réaction ». Il est le premier à utiliser la méthode expérimentale de l'introspection.
  • Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt (Neckarau, 16 de agosto de 1832 — Großbothen, 31 de agosto de 1920) foi um médico, filósofo e psicólogo alemão. É considerado um dos fundadores da moderna psicologia experimental junto com Ernst Heinrich Weber (1795-1878) e Gustav Theodor Fechner (1801-1889). Entre as contribuições que o fazem merecedor desse reconhecimento histórico está a criação do primeiro laboratório de psicologia no Instituto Experimental de Psicologia da Universidade de Leipzig (Lipsia) na Alemanha em 1879 e a publicação de Principles of Physiological Psychology / Princípios de Psicologia Fisiológica em 1873 onde afirmava textualmente que seu propósito, com o livro, de demarcar um novo domínio da ciência.
  • Вильгельм Максимилиан Вундт (нем. Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt; 16 августа 1832, Некарау, ныне в составе Мангейма, Королевство Вюртемберг — 31 августа 1920, Лейпциг) — немецкий врач, физиолог и психолог. В основном известен как основатель экспериментальной психологии. Менее известен как основная фигура в социальной психологии, однако, последние годы жизни Вундта прошли под знаком психологии народов (нем. Völkerpsychologie), которую он понимал как учение о социальной основе высшей ментальной деятельности.
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