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Stanley Kubrick (/ˈkuːbrɪk/; July 26, 1928 – March 7, 1999) was an American film director, screenwriter, producer, cinematographer, editor, and photographer. He is frequently cited as one of the greatest and most influential directors in cinematic history. His films, which are typically adaptations of novels or short stories, cover a wide range of genres, and are noted for their realism, dark humor, unique cinematography, extensive set designs, and evocative use of music.

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  • Stanley Kubrick (ur. 26 lipca 1928 w Nowym Jorku w USA, zm. 7 marca 1999 w Harpenden, Hertfordshire w Wielkiej Brytanii) – amerykański reżyser, scenarzysta, montażysta i producent filmowy.
  • 史丹利·寇比力克(英语:Stanley Kubrick,1928年7月26日-1999年3月7日),美国的电影导演。他在完成他的最後一部作品《大开眼戒》(Eyes Wide Shut,由汤姆·克鲁斯和妮可·基曼主演)四天之後去世。著名作品《奇爱博士》(Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb)、《2001太空漫游》(2001: A Space Odyssey)、《发条橙》(A Clockwork Orange)、《闪灵》(The Shining)等都是电影史上的经典之作。他同时也是一位多面手,除导演外,他还常常担任电影的制片、剪接、摄影、音效等工作。
  • スタンリー・キューブリック(Stanley Kubrick, 1928年7月26日 - 1999年3月7日)は、アメリカ合衆国の映画監督。のちにイギリスに移住した。イギリス・ハートフォードシャーの自宅で心臓発作で息を引きとったとされるが、正式な死因は明らかにされていない。キューブリックの死は監督作品「アイズ ワイド シャット」の試写会5日後の事だった。
  • Stanley Kubrick est un réalisateur, photographe, scénariste et producteur américain né le 26 juillet 1928 dans la ville de New York à Manhattan, et mort le 7 mars 1999 dans son manoir de Childwickbury, entre St Albans et Harpenden (Hertfordshire, nord de Londres). Après des débuts dans la photographie, Kubrick, autodidacte, sera également son propre directeur de la photographie, producteur, scénariste ou encore monteur. Ses treize longs métrages en quarante-six ans de carrière l'imposent comme un cinéaste majeur du XXe siècle. Quatre de ses films sont classés dans le top-100 de l'American Film Institute. Actuellement, sept de ses films sont classés dans le top 250 de l'IMDb (Internet Movie Database).
  • Stanley Kubrick (/ˈkuːbrɪk/; July 26, 1928 – March 7, 1999) was an American film director, screenwriter, producer, cinematographer, editor, and photographer. He is frequently cited as one of the greatest and most influential directors in cinematic history. His films, which are typically adaptations of novels or short stories, cover a wide range of genres, and are noted for their realism, dark humor, unique cinematography, extensive set designs, and evocative use of music. Kubrick grew up in the Bronx in New York City, and attended William Howard Taft High School from 1941 to 1945. Although he only received average grades, Kubrick displayed a keen interest in literature, photography, and film from a young age, and taught himself all aspects of film production and directing after graduating from high school. After working as a photographer for Look magazine in the late 1940s and early 1950s, he began making short films on a shoestring budget, and made his first major Hollywood film, The Killing, for United Artists in 1956. This was followed by two collaborations with Kirk Douglas, the war picture Paths of Glory (1957) and the historical epic Spartacus (1960). His reputation as a filmmaker in Hollywood grew, and he was approached by Marlon Brando to film what would become One-Eyed Jacks (1961), though Brando eventually decided to direct it himself. Creative differences arising from his work with Douglas and the film studios, a dislike of Hollywood, and a growing concern about crime in America prompted Kubrick to move to the United Kingdom in 1961, where he spent most of the remainder of his life and career. His home at Childwickbury Manor in Hertfordshire, which he shared with his wife Christiane, became his workplace, where he did his writing, research, editing, and management of production details. This allowed him to have almost complete artistic control over his films, but with the rare advantage of having financial support from major Hollywood studios. His first British productions were two films with Peter Sellers, Lolita (1962) and Dr. Strangelove (1964). Kubrick was noted for his attention to detail and skillful use of music. A demanding perfectionist, he assumed control over most aspects of the filmmaking process, from direction and writing to editing, and took painstaking care with researching his films and staging scenes, working in close coordination with his actors and other collaborators. He often asked for several dozen retakes of the same scene in a movie, which resulted in many conflicts with his casts. Despite the resulting notoriety among actors, many of Kubrick's films broke new ground in cinematography. The scientific realism and innovative special effects of 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) were without precedent in the history of cinema, and the film earned him his only personal Oscar, for Best Visual Effects. Steven Spielberg has referred to the film as his generation's "big bang", and it is often included in polls of the greatest films ever made. For the 18th-century period film Barry Lyndon (1975), Kubrick obtained lenses developed by Zeiss for NASA, to film scenes under natural candlelight. With The Shining (1980), he became one of the first directors to make use of a Steadicam for stabilized and fluid tracking shots. While many of Kubrick's films were controversial and initially received mixed reviews upon release—particularly A Clockwork Orange (1971), which Kubrick pulled from circulation in the UK following a mass media frenzy—most of his films were nominated for Oscars, Golden Globes, or BAFTA Awards. His last film, Eyes Wide Shut, was completed shortly before his death in 1999.
  • Stanley Kubrick (Nova Iorque, 26 de julho de 1928 — St Albans, 7 de março de 1999) foi um cineasta, roteirista, produtor de cinema e fotógrafo americano. Considerado um dos mais importantes cineastas de todos os tempos, foi autor de grandes clássicos do cinema, como Spartacus (1960), Dr. Strangelove (1964), 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968), A Clockwork Orange (1971), Barry Lyndon (1975), The Shining (1980), entre outros. Sua originalidade e persistência, aliadas a uma técnica meticulosa, profunda e paciente o colocam no panteão dos mais influentes diretores da história.
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