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Philippa Ruth Foot (/ˈfɪlɪpə fʊt/; née Bosanquet; 3 October 1920 – 3 October 2010) was a British philosopher, most notable for her works in ethics. She was one of the founders of contemporary virtue ethics, inspired by the ethics of Aristotle. Her later career marked a significant change in view from her work in the 1950s and 1960s, and may be seen as an attempt to modernize Aristotelian ethical theory, to show that it is adaptable to a contemporary world view, and thus, that it could compete with such popular theories as modern deontological and utilitarian ethics. Some of her work was crucial in the re-emergence of normative ethics within analytic philosophy, especially her critique of consequentialism and of non-cognitivism. A familiar example is the continuing discussion of an example

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  • Professoressa emerita dell'Università di Los Angeles, allieva della filosofa Elizabeth Anscombe, si è dedicata allo studio dell'etica di cui è stata docente nel Somerville College di Oxford e in varie università statunitensi. Il suo pensiero si basa su un'etica delle virtù che prende a modello l'impostazione di Aristotele e soprattutto di Tommaso d'Aquino. Muore nella sua casa di Oxford il giorno del suo 90º compleanno.
  • フィリッパ・ルース・フット(Philippa Ruth Foot、旧姓Bosanquet、1920年10月3日-2010年10月3日)はイギリスの哲学者。倫理学分野における業績で著名。 今日の徳倫理学を築いたうちの一人と目されている。1950年代・1960年代の研究とそれ以降では立場に大きな違いがあり、後年はアリストテレスの倫理学を現代に復活させ、それが現代社会の問題に対しても適応可能であり、義務論や功利主義といった現代持て囃されている倫理学説にも対抗しうるものであることを示そうと試みたものと捉える事が出来る。また特に帰結主義を批判して、分析哲学の内に規範倫理学を再び打ち立てようとした研究も非常に重要である。よく知られた例はいわゆる「トロッコ問題」であり、この問題については今も議論が続けられている。フットの方法論には後期ウィトゲンシュタインの影響が見てとれるが、ウィトゲンシュタインによって扱われた題材をそのまま取り上げることはほとんどなかった。 Philippa Ruth Foot (née Bosanquet; 3 October 1920 – 3 October 2010) was a British philosopher, most notable for her works in ethics. She was one of the founders of contemporary virtue ethics. Her later career marked a significant change in view from her work in the 1950s and 1960s, and may be seen as an attempt to modernize Aristotelian ethical theory, to show that it is adaptable to a contemporary world view, and thus, that it could compete with such popular theories as modern deontological and utilitarian ethics. Some of her work was crucial in the re-emergence of normative ethics within analytic philosophy, especially her critique of consequentialism. A familiar example is the continuing discussion of an example of hers referred to as the trolley problem. Foot's approach was influenced by the later work of Wittgenstein, although she rarely dealt explicitly with materials treated by him.
  • Philippa Ruth Foot (née Bosanquet le 3 octobre 1920 - morte le 3 octobre 2010) est une philosophe britanno-américaine. Elle est surtout connue pour ses travaux en éthique, étant l'une des fondatrices de l'éthique de la vertu contemporaine et d'Oxfam. Certains de ses travaux, dont le célèbre dilemme du tramway, ont été cruciaux pour le retour de l'éthique normative en philosophie analytique. Athée convaincue, elle est reconnue pour sa critique du conséquentialisme. Elle a été un temps mariée à l'historien Michael R. D. Foot.
  • Philippa Ruth Foot ( /ˈfɪlɪpə fʊt/; nascida Bosanquet; 3 de outubro de 1920 – 3 de outubro de 2010) foi uma filosofá britânica, mais notável por suas obras no ramo da ética. Ela foi uma das fundadoras da ética da virtude contemporânea, inspirada na ética de Aristóteles. Sua carreira posterior, marcou uma mudança significativa no modo de exibição do seu trabalho nos anos 1950 e 1960, e pode ser visto como uma tentativa de modernizar a teoria ética Aristotélica, para mostrar que ela é adaptável a visão contemporânea do mundo, e por isto, mostrar que ela poderia competir com tais teorias populares como as das éticas dos deontológicos e a ética utilitarista. Alguns dos seus trabalhos, foram cruciais para a re-emergência da ética normativa dentro da filosofia analítica, especialmente sua crítica de consequencialismo e de não-cognitivismo. Um exemplo familiar é a continuação da discussão de um exemplo dela, conhecido como o dilema do bonde. A abordagem de Foot foi influenciada pela obra posterior de Wittgenstein, embora ela raramente tenha tratado explicitamente com materiais tratados por ele.
  • Philippa Ruth Foot (/ˈfɪlɪpə fʊt/; née Bosanquet; 3 October 1920 – 3 October 2010) was a British philosopher, most notable for her works in ethics. She was one of the founders of contemporary virtue ethics, inspired by the ethics of Aristotle. Her later career marked a significant change in view from her work in the 1950s and 1960s, and may be seen as an attempt to modernize Aristotelian ethical theory, to show that it is adaptable to a contemporary world view, and thus, that it could compete with such popular theories as modern deontological and utilitarian ethics. Some of her work was crucial in the re-emergence of normative ethics within analytic philosophy, especially her critique of consequentialism and of non-cognitivism. A familiar example is the continuing discussion of an example of hers referred to as the trolley problem. Foot's approach was influenced by the later work of Wittgenstein, although she rarely dealt explicitly with materials treated by him.
  • Philippa Ruth Foot, nacida Bosanquet (Lincolnshire, 3 de octubre de 1920 – Londres, 3 de octubre de 2010), fue una filósofa británica, especialmente conocida por sus obras sobre ética, a través de las cuales se convirtió en una de las pioneras de los estudios sobre la ética de la virtud.
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