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Joseph Butler (18 May 1692 – 16 June 1752) was an English bishop, theologian, apologist, and philosopher. He was born in Wantage in the English county of Berkshire (now Oxfordshire). He is known, among other things, for his critique of Deism, Thomas Hobbes's egoism, and John Locke's theory of personal identity. Butler influenced many philosophers and religious thinkers, including David Hume, Thomas Reid, Adam Smith, Henry Sidgwick, John Henry Newman, and C. D. Broad, and is widely considered "as one of the preeminent English moralists."

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  • Western Philosophy
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  • Joseph Butler
  • Joseph Butler
  • Joseph Butler
  • Joseph Butler
  • Joseph Butler
  • Joseph Butler
  • Joseph Butler
  • Батлер, Джозеф
  • 喬瑟夫·巴特勒
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  • Joseph Butler (* 18. Mai 1692 in Wantage; † 16. Juni 1752 in Bath) war ein englischer Bischof der anglikanischen Kirche in Durham und Bristol, Theologe, Vertreter der Apologetik und Philosoph. Er wurde vor allem für seine Kritik am Egoismus von Thomas Hobbes bekannt. Er wurde von diesem ebenso beeinflusst wie von John Locke und Francis Hutcheson. Während seiner Lebzeiten und darüber hinaus beeinflusste er selbst andere große Philosophen wie David Hume, Thomas Reid, und Adam Smith.
  • Joseph Butler (18 May 1692 – 16 June 1752) was an English bishop, theologian, apologist, and philosopher. He was born in Wantage in the English county of Berkshire (now Oxfordshire). He is known, among other things, for his critique of Deism, Thomas Hobbes's egoism, and John Locke's theory of personal identity. Butler influenced many philosophers and religious thinkers, including David Hume, Thomas Reid, Adam Smith, Henry Sidgwick, John Henry Newman, and C. D. Broad, and is widely considered "as one of the preeminent English moralists."
  • 喬瑟夫·巴特勒(1692年5月18日-1752年6月16日)是一位英國聖公會主教、神學家、護教家、以及哲學家。出生於柏克郡(現在的牛津郡)的灣堤居。由於父親是一位長老會的麻布衣商,他似乎理當成為長老會的神職人員。然而在1714年,二十二歲的他決定加入英國聖公會,並且到了牛津大學。歷經了幾次的調遷,他成為了多為富人居住的史丹霍普教區的牧師。 1736年,他四十四歲那年,在聖公會約克教區的樞機主教藍斯洛·布雷克本的建議下,被任命為英王喬治二世的妻子卡洛琳的專屬牧師長。兩年後升任布里斯托教區主教。1747年,傳出他拒絕晉升坎特布雷大主教的謠言,最後在1750年他來到了英格蘭東北的達拉謨擔任主教。 1752年,巴特勒在貝斯去世,得年六十歲。他的追隨者稱讚他是一位完美的人物,一個勤奮又有良知的牧者。雖然對文學沒有什麼特殊喜好,但是對於藝術,特別是建築,具有獨到的鑑賞力。按聖公會傳統6月16日為他的聖日。
  • Urodził się w Wantage, w angielskim hrabstwie Berkshire (obecnie Oxfordshire). Jest szczególnie znany ze swej krytyki Thomasa Hobbesa i Johna Locke. Pisma Butlera były inspiracją dla wielu filozofów w tym: Davida Hume'a, Thomasa Reida i Adama Smitha.
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