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John Lawrence Ashbery (born July 28, 1927) is an American poet. He has published more than twenty volumes of poetry and won nearly every major American award for poetry, including a Pulitzer Prize in 1976 for his collection Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror. Renowned for its postmodern complexity and opacity, Ashbery's work still proves controversial. Ashbery has stated that he wishes his work to be accessible to as many people as possible, and not to be a private dialogue with himself. At the same time, he once joked that some critics still view him as "a harebrained, homegrown surrealist whose poetry defies even the rules and logic of Surrealism."

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  • John Lawrence Ashbery
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  • Urodzony w Rochester, absolwent Harvardu i Columbia University. W swej karierze otrzymał niemal każdą ważniejszą amerykańską nagrodę w dziedzinie poezji, poczynając od Yale Younger Poets Prize w 1956, za swój pierwszy tomik Some Trees. W swej twórczości wykazuje wpływy francuskich surrealistów (dokonywał wielu tłumaczeń tychże), Wallace'a Stevensa i Borysa Pasternaka. Pod koniec lat 50. krytyk literacki Bernard Myers zakwalifikował m.in. Johna Ashbery'ego, Kennetha Kocha, Franka O'Harę i Jamesa Schuylera jako przedstawicieli tzw. szkoły nowojorskiej w poezji. Poetyka Ashbery'ego opiera się na wolnej składni, zabawie słowem, humorystycznym, często parodystycznym tonie. W Polsce tłumaczenia jego wierszy ukazywały się głównie w "Literaturze na Świecie", a także w bibliofilskim zbiorze wydanym w 1993 przez Fundację "Literatura Światowa" i Muzeum Papiernictwa w Dusznikach-Zdroju – No i wiesz (tłum. Piotr Sommer, Andrzej Sosnowski, Bohdan Zadura). Jest homoseksualistą.
  • John Ashbery, né le 28 juillet 1927 à Rochester, dans l'État de New York, est un poète américain, considéré comme le principal représentant de la poésie de l'École de New-York.
  • John Lawrence Ashbery (born July 28, 1927) is an American poet. He has published more than twenty volumes of poetry and won nearly every major American award for poetry, including a Pulitzer Prize in 1976 for his collection Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror. Renowned for its postmodern complexity and opacity, Ashbery's work still proves controversial. Ashbery has stated that he wishes his work to be accessible to as many people as possible, and not to be a private dialogue with himself. At the same time, he once joked that some critics still view him as "a harebrained, homegrown surrealist whose poetry defies even the rules and logic of Surrealism." Langdon Hammer, chairman of the English Department at Yale University, wrote in 2008, "No figure looms so large in American poetry over the past 50 years as John Ashbery" and "No American poet has had a larger, more diverse vocabulary, not Whitman, not Pound." Stephen Burt, a poet and Harvard professor of English, has compared Ashbery to T. S. Eliot, calling Ashbery "the last figure whom half the English-language poets alive thought a great model, and the other half thought incomprehensible".
  • John Ashbery (* 28. Juli 1927 in Rochester, New York) ist einer der einflussreichsten US-amerikanischen Dichter der Gegenwart.
  • 约翰·劳伦斯·阿什伯里(1927年7月28日-)是一位美国诗人。他出版过超过20卷诗集,赢得了美国几乎所有的主要诗歌奖项,包括以诗集《凸面镜中的自画像》获1976年普利策奖。但阿什伯里的作品仍有很大争议。他的《文选》中收录了一篇评论伊丽莎白·毕晓普的文章,他将自己描述为“一个愚蠢、自产自销的超现实主义者,甚至无视超现实主义诗歌的规则和逻辑”。虽然阿什伯里以其作品的后现代复杂性与不透明性知名,他声称他希望能为尽可能多的读者阅读,而不是自说自话。
  • Джон Эшбери (англ. John Ashbery, 28 июля 1927, Рочестер) — американский поэт.
  • John Lawrence Ashbery (Rochester, 28 juli 1927) is een Amerikaans avant-gardistisch dichter. In 1976 won hij de Pulitzerprijs voor poëzie.
  • جون آشبيري (بالإنجليزية: John Ashbery) (و. 1927 – م) هو شاعر، وكاتب، وأستاذ جامعي، وصحفي من الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية . ولد في روتشستر . وهو عضو في Lincean Academy، والأكاديمية الأمريكية للفنون والآداب، والأكاديمية الأمريكية للفنون والعلوم .
  • ジョン・アッシュベリー(John Ashbery、1927年7月28日 - )は、アメリカの詩人。ニューヨーク州ロチェスター出身。ジョン・アシュベリーとも表記される。2008年までバード大学の教授を務めた。20冊以上の詩集を出版しピューリッツァー賞、全米批評家協会賞、全米図書賞等ジャンル内の主要賞全てを受賞。他にも各大学で教鞭をとりアメリカ詩選集(1998年版)の編集を任された。これらのことから現代のアメリカを代表する詩人との評価もある。しかし自動供述のような、または前衛的な作風から長年文学界での評価は二分している。
  • John Ashbery (Rochester (Nova Iorque), 28 de julho de 1927) é um poeta estadunidense, considerado o principal representante da poesia da chamada "Escola de Nova Iorque", escola estética predominatemente dos anos 1950 e 1960. Sua poesia corresponde ao que Ezra Pound chamou de logopéia, uma poesia que joga com as idéias, antes de nada. Seus poemas são, normalmente, longos. A dificuldade de compeender seus poemas pela maior parte do público em seu país não impediu que o poeta já tenha sido o mais vendido autor de poesia nos Estados Unidos e que ele tenha ganho prêmios importantes como o Pulitzer.
  • John Ashbery (Rochester (Nueva York), 28 de julio de 1927) es un poeta estadounidense, considerado el máximo exponente de la escuela poética neoyorquina.
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