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Field Marshal George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney KT (9 February 1666 – 29 January 1737), styled Lord George Hamilton from 1666 to 1696, was a British soldier and Scottish nobleman and the first British Army officer to be promoted to the rank of field marshal. After commanding a regiment for the cause of William of Orange during the Williamite War in Ireland, he commanded a regiment in the Low Countries during the Nine Years' War. He then led the final assault at the Battle of Blenheim attacking the village churchyard with eight battalions of men and then receiving the surrender of its French defenders during the War of the Spanish Succession. He also led the charge of fifteen infantry battalions in an extremely bloody assault on the French entrenchments at the Battle of Malplaquet. In lat

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  • Джордж Дуглас-Гамильтон, 1-й граф Оркни (англ. George Douglas-Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney; 9 февраля 1666, дворец Гамильтон, (Hamilton Palace), Гамильтон, графство Южный Ланаркшир, Шотландия — 29 января 1737, Лондон) — британский военный деятель, шотландский дворянин, первый генерал в Британской армии, получивший чин фельдмаршала (12 января 1736 года).
  • 乔治·汉密尔顿(George Hamilton,1666年2月9日-1737年1月29日),第一代奥克尼伯爵(1st Earl of Orkney)英国军事家。 他由他的伯父邓巴顿勋爵(Lord Dumbarton)第一次培养加入皇家第一步兵团服役。1689年, 在进入军队以后,他成为一名中校,几个月后晋升名誉上校。他和他的军团参加了在爱尔兰Boyne和Aughrim的战役。他提议创建皇家燧发枪手团的命令并参加了Steinkeerke战役。他进行整顿第1步兵团并最终参加兰登(Landen)和那慕尔(Namur)战役,两个战斗在奥格斯堡同盟战争其间。他参加了爱尔兰叛乱中各种各样的战争。在那慕尔,汉密尔顿身受重伤,被授于陆军准将军衔。 1695年,汉密尔顿与伊丽莎白·韦利尔斯(Elizabeth Villiers)结婚,次年他被授于苏格兰贵族院的奥克尼伯爵(Orkney Earl)。他在马尔巴罗公爵约翰·丘吉尔的麾下在西班牙的战争中立下战功,晋升为少将。几年后, 他被提升为陆军中将。在布伦海姆战役(Blenheim)(德国西南滨多瑙河的一村落, 1704年英军大胜法军于此),汉密尔顿的纵队率先攻取了这个城市,以及在1705年6月,他率领他的部队从摩泽尔(法国一省)(Moselle)解除了被围攻的Liège。在Ramillies战役,他带领部队击败法国人的追赶,和他在奧德納德戰役(battle of Oudenarde)中的充当一个主要角色。 1708年, 他夺取在Tournay的二个主要防线。在馬爾普拉凱戰役(battle of Malplaquet)中,奥克尼伯爵率部往法国堑壕冲击,遭受严重的损失。之后他保留他的军队在富兰德附近,直到这场战争的结束。在这期间,他晋升为上将。在宣布和平后,他被任命为他的老单位皇家第一步兵团的指挥官。1736年他被提升为英国陆军元帅。这是第一次在英国的军队授于陆军元帅军衔。一年后汉密尔顿在伦敦去世。
  • 初代オークニー伯ジョージ・ダグラス=ハミルトン(George Douglas-Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney, KT, 1666年2月9日 - 1737年1月29日)は、イギリスの貴族、軍人。イギリスの初代陸軍元帥。
  • George Hamilton, 1. Earl of Orkney (* 1666 in Hamilton; † 29. Januar 1737 in London) war ein schottisch-britischer Feldmarschall und Adliger.
  • Field Marshal George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney KT (9 February 1666 – 29 January 1737), styled Lord George Hamilton from 1666 to 1696, was a British soldier and Scottish nobleman and the first British Army officer to be promoted to the rank of field marshal. After commanding a regiment for the cause of William of Orange during the Williamite War in Ireland, he commanded a regiment in the Low Countries during the Nine Years' War. He then led the final assault at the Battle of Blenheim attacking the village churchyard with eight battalions of men and then receiving the surrender of its French defenders during the War of the Spanish Succession. He also led the charge of fifteen infantry battalions in an extremely bloody assault on the French entrenchments at the Battle of Malplaquet. In later life he became a Lord of the Bedchamber to George I and was installed as Governor of Edinburgh Castle.
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  • The 1st Earl of Orkney
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  • 喬治·道格拉斯-漢密爾頓,第一代奧克尼伯爵
  • George Hamilton, 1. Earl of Orkney
  • George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney
  • George Hamilton, I conte di Orkney
  • ジョージ・ダグラス=ハミルトン (初代オークニー伯)
  • Дуглас-Гамильтон, Джордж
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  • Джордж Дуглас-Гамильтон, 1-й граф Оркни (англ. George Douglas-Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney; 9 февраля 1666, дворец Гамильтон, (Hamilton Palace), Гамильтон, графство Южный Ланаркшир, Шотландия — 29 января 1737, Лондон) — британский военный деятель, шотландский дворянин, первый генерал в Британской армии, получивший чин фельдмаршала (12 января 1736 года).
  • Field Marshal George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney KT (9 February 1666 – 29 January 1737), styled Lord George Hamilton from 1666 to 1696, was a British soldier and Scottish nobleman and the first British Army officer to be promoted to the rank of field marshal. After commanding a regiment for the cause of William of Orange during the Williamite War in Ireland, he commanded a regiment in the Low Countries during the Nine Years' War. He then led the final assault at the Battle of Blenheim attacking the village churchyard with eight battalions of men and then receiving the surrender of its French defenders during the War of the Spanish Succession. He also led the charge of fifteen infantry battalions in an extremely bloody assault on the French entrenchments at the Battle of Malplaquet. In lat
  • 初代オークニー伯ジョージ・ダグラス=ハミルトン(George Douglas-Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney, KT, 1666年2月9日 - 1737年1月29日)は、イギリスの貴族、軍人。イギリスの初代陸軍元帥。
  • 乔治·汉密尔顿(George Hamilton,1666年2月9日-1737年1月29日),第一代奥克尼伯爵(1st Earl of Orkney)英国军事家。 他由他的伯父邓巴顿勋爵(Lord Dumbarton)第一次培养加入皇家第一步兵团服役。1689年, 在进入军队以后,他成为一名中校,几个月后晋升名誉上校。他和他的军团参加了在爱尔兰Boyne和Aughrim的战役。他提议创建皇家燧发枪手团的命令并参加了Steinkeerke战役。他进行整顿第1步兵团并最终参加兰登(Landen)和那慕尔(Namur)战役,两个战斗在奥格斯堡同盟战争其间。他参加了爱尔兰叛乱中各种各样的战争。在那慕尔,汉密尔顿身受重伤,被授于陆军准将军衔。 1708年, 他夺取在Tournay的二个主要防线。在馬爾普拉凱戰役(battle of Malplaquet)中,奥克尼伯爵率部往法国堑壕冲击,遭受严重的损失。之后他保留他的军队在富兰德附近,直到这场战争的结束。在这期间,他晋升为上将。在宣布和平后,他被任命为他的老单位皇家第一步兵团的指挥官。1736年他被提升为英国陆军元帅。这是第一次在英国的军队授于陆军元帅军衔。一年后汉密尔顿在伦敦去世。
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